Guitar Chords Charts
Technically speaking, a guitar chord is three or more notes played in unison. Although "power chords" (dyads) are usually referred to as chords. A chord is named by its root note and the intervals between the following notes. For more on this click here.
How To Read a Guitar Chord ChartThe guitar chord charts represent a guitar fretboard, with the vertical lines being the guitar strings and the horizontal ones being the frets. The dots show where to put your fingers. The numbers represent, which finger to use, 1 is your index finger, 2 middle finger, 3 ring finger, 4 pinky finger. There are other symbols, which show the following: X is a string that is either not strummed or a string that is muted 0 is a string that is played open, an open string is one that is not fretted. The * symbol indicates the root note. Some of the different chord voicings below, may not be easy to play on the upper frets because of the stretches involved, so if you are having difficulty practicing them, you can move down a few frets until you get used to the stretch. After have mastered them at that level you can move them up the neck a fret til you can play it cleanly there. Repeat until you can play the chord anywhere on the neck.
Acoustic Guitar Chords and Electric Guitar Chords?Many beginners have asked if there a difference between the chords played on an acoustic guitar and an electric guitar. The answer is that an acoustic and an electric are essentially the same, they just convey the sound of the guitar in different ways, an electric using pick-ups and an acoustic guitar using a hollow body with a sound hole. That being said, some chords can be much more difficult to play on an acoustic than on an electric guitar. Also you are much more limited in how far down the neck you can play on an acoustic guitar because their body shape usually inferes with the lower frets on the neck.
Jazz Guitar ChordsSeventh chords and their extensions, 9ths, 11ths, and 13ths are sometimes referred to as Jazz chords, as that is where they are primarily used.
Movable Guitar Chord Charts
Open Guitar Chord Charts
The notes of a chord can be arranged in many different ways. These different arrangements are called voicings. In most chords the root note is the bass note (the lowest note of a chord), but this doesn't have to be the case. Changing arrangement of the notes will give a chord a distinctly different sound, even though we aren't adding or subtracting any notes. Certain notes can also be omitted from a chord, this is especially common in extended chords, where there is 5 or more different notes, and it isn't always possible to fret all of them on guitar. Often these notes can be picked up by the bass, or by a different instrument.
In an inverted chord, the root note is not in the bass. Another note, the 3rd, the 5th, ect. is placed in the bass. If we were to move the third into the bass, and rotate the root note around to the last position, it is called the first inversion. The second inversion goes 5th, root, 3rd. Check out the chart below for the inversions of a C major chord.